#Mauritania’s MCM: Digging for minerals, burying the truth

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High on the very long list of taboo subjects in Mauritania is any shadow of doubt or suspicion concerning the cash cows of the mining industry. A recent post highlighted just some of the issues with Canada’s Kinross Gold. Now it’s time to put First Quantum Minerals‘ subsidiary Mauritania Copper Mines (MCM) under the spotlight. The Guelb Moghrein copper-gold operation near the town of Akjoujt in Mauritania, 250 kilometres north-east of the nation’s capital, Nouakchott,  is 100% owned by MCM.

Buried Truth

Friends transport murdered mining worker Mohammed Ould Machdhoufi’s shrouded body

The problem is not that no one dares to speak out about the unfair recruitment practices, inadequate labour conditions, low rates of pay, corrupt financial dealings or environmental pollution; it is that whenever anyone does try to confront these issues, they are ignored or silenced. And that includes being killed in cold blood, which is what happened to Mohamed Ould Machdhoufi, when the national guard staged a dawn raid on a peaceful sit-in by MCM copper mining workers, killing Ould Machdhoufi and wounding several others. The authorities infuriated people by declaring the cause of death to be “unknown”.

Mining workers’ union rep Ethmane Ould Kreivit

First Quantum Minerals of Canada, then aggravated the situation by issuing a press release that made no mention of the death or injuries, and claiming the strike was illegal. Several workers, including union leader Ethmane Ould Kreivit, were attacked in a subsequent protest, and jailed for several days. On his release, the union leader was prevented from entering the workplace. When agreement to return to work was finally reached, MCM deducted more days’ pay than had been lost. Mr Krevit was then sidelined from official meetings and unfairly dismissed. He is now in the process of taking legal action against MCM and remains one the most active and engaged union leaders in the country.

Health Scares

Injured MCM mine worker Mohamed Ould Khatari

A general and persistent lack of concern for worker health and safety is illustrated by the case of MCM mine worker Mohamed Ould Khatari, who developed painful skin lesions after being exposed to a powdered chemical at work, and was told to take a couple of painkillers. Additional risks to the environment and the health of the local population and livestock can not be ignored. There are reports of elevated incidence of maternal and child heath problems, including miscarriages, infant deaths, asthma, headaches and other debilitating illness, among the population close enough to the mine to be affected by soil, water or air-borne toxins. Several herds of camel have been wiped out by sudden and mysterious fatal diseases. The typical response to these problems is to repeat benevolent-sounding statements reminding us that MCM has built a hospital or that the government has plans for veterinary care provision. But the hospital stands empty, and the sparse veterinary care is restricted to vaccination programs against cattle disease, not treatment for arsenic, cyanide or other chemical poisoning.

Conspiratorial Cover-up

Typical scene from the MCM mining dump near Akjoujt

As an example of the system’s obvious compliance in covering up valid concerns, I cite the example of an unresolved court case brought against MCM five years ago for creating an environmental hazard. The court ordered an investigation by three experts but mandated the plaintiff to bear the entire cost – an unprecedented situation. According to the lawyer for the case [ar], Ahmed Ould Mohamed Lemine, the medical expert refused to prepare a report at all, and was openly supportive of the defendant,  MCM. However, the agricultural expert presented his findings, which established the presence of contamination in the region, and negligence on MCM’s part to enact safeguards to limit the spread of toxins, but his report was ignored by the authorities. The lawyer points out that this report also reveals that there is no environmental strategy or plan in place, despite claims that US$925,000 has been allocated to post-operation restoration.

The third expert identified risks from industrial wastes but required further laboratory analysis which is not available in Mauritania. No further action was taken because no one is willing to bear the costs. The president of MCM, Philippe Pascal, had promised in June 2012 that an environmental study would be published within two months. The report has not materialised. As I write, the 2nd Mauritanian Mining & Oil and Gas Conference & Exhibition opens at the Palais des Congrès in Nouakchott. I hope the delegates from MCM and Kinross will attend Wednesday’s sessions on the importance of health and environmental safety.

Silenced Voices

Consider the current campaign initiated by activists wishing to bring these issues to the attention of the country, the region, and the world. They devised a week-long “blogathon” which has received numerous mentions from certain news sites in Mauritania, but not in the sites that carry advertising paid for by MCM or Kinross, and none from sites owned or operated by the “big tent” elites who also benefit from patronage of these major foreign companies.

Al Jazeera, Radio France International and Reuters have all confided in Mr Lemine that the state refused to grant them permission to visit either MCM in Akjoujt or Kinross Gold in Tasiast. He regards this as significant and potential proof, not only of the existence of problems and scandals, but of collusion between the mining companies and the state.  As for rest of the international media, it’s the same as any other week. If it doesn’t concern a terrorist threat or a Libyan fugitive from justice like Al Senussi, no one is interested. But from an ecology, environment, or labour activist standpoint, these mining companies are also terrorists and fugitives from justice in their own way.

 

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Kinross-Tasiast Mauritania: Questionable Values

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Kinross-Tasiast has been a hot topic in the mining community for at least two years, since the take-over of Red Back mining in September 2010, stirring much speculation among stock market traders as well as anticipation from unemployed Mauritanian graduates. Yet it remains an impenetrable mystery. The precious ore is extracted far from prying eyes hoping to catch a glimpse of the truth, to confirm their unanswered questions and suspicions. Despite its many problems, the mine is claimed to have achieved something in the order of US$2.5 billion annual revenue, under an agreement where Mauritania receives only 3%.  With traders losing faith in the promised gold, and the jobless Mauritanians still looking for work, the big question is: “where is the money?”

Tasiast was touted as the second largest gold deposit in Africa, making it irresistible to international companies lured to Mauritania by the promise of massive returns. By April 2012, the Executive Board of Kinross Gold was cloistered for two days in the Canary Islands at the Las Palmas regional headquarters of the Canadian gold mining giant. They were urgently discussing a major capital optimization study for its mines in Ghana and Mauritania. The meeting came at a critical juncture for Kinross Gold, facing massive cost escalation on its development projects, after already announcing delays to the Ghanaian Lobo-Marte and Fruta del Norte projects to focus on Tasiast.

A series of negative events triggered a sharp fall in share price in January 2012m when US$3.1 billion – about 21% of its value – was wiped out after announcing a $2.49 billion write off – part of the US$4.6 billion “goodwill” included in the US$7.1 billion cost of the Red Back purchase, and a 6-9 months’ delay before Tasiast gold production would come on-stream, at which time it would fail to meet previous output estimates.

Then in March, the company was hit with a $4-billion class action lawsuit related to the troubles at Tasiast, filed by Canadian firm Koskie Minsky LLP. “Based on our investigation, we are prepared to pursue litigation to preserve the company and the value of Kinross Gold stock for all shareholders, including seeking removal of certain officers and directors and monetary payments,” said shareholder rights attorney Willie Briscoe. The complaint charged that Kinross Gold’s financial statements were not fairly presented in conformity with International Financial Reporting Standards and were materially false and misleading.

This was the second such suit in less than a month, after a similar claim was filed in the United States in February. Both lawsuits relate to Kinross Gold’s disclosure around Tasiast: that the miner made misrepresentations relating to the quality and quantity of gold ore.

With the write-off, plus punitive damages in the offing, cost-cutting would be at the top of the agenda in Las Palmas. They would also need to decide how to respond to an unexpected tax demand for several million dollars from Mauritania.

The meeting would also be an ideal opportunity to discuss the creation of a plan, since, despite allocating a budget of $US800 million for Tasiast this year, and being way behind schedule, they don’t have one.

Speaking as a programme manager, this would be the most disturbing fact about Kinross Gold I have uncovered, were it not for the fatal plane crash in July which claimed seven lives, all Mauritanians, and to which Kinross reacted with condolences for the deceased and their families, but also saw fit to mention that no Kinross staff were killed, no gold was on board, and that the tragedy would not impact mining operations. It certainly made a difference to the loved ones of the seven people who died. The pilot’s sister is still struggling to cope with her grief.

Top-down de-staffing

Despite offical denials, removal of “certain officers and directors” did happen, although it is not clear whether this was solely in response to the lawsuits. People who were formerly described in glowing terms as “integral” to the growth of the company, and especially the flagship Tasiast project, disappeared.  Calls to their numbers via the Kinross switchboard went unanswered, and the receptionist said they had left the company.

Based on press releases, it is apparent some of them found new jobs:

  • TIMOTHY C. BAKER– Executive Vice-President and Chief Operating Officer, when the due diligence was being done on the Red Back transaction.
  • THOMAS M. BOEHLERT– Executive Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer.  He left soon after the Red Back transaction.
  • KENNETH G. THOMAS– Senior Vice-President, Projects.  This was the man responsible for the Tasiast expansion project.
  • ROBERT D. HENDERSON– Senior Vice-President, Technical Services.  He signed off as a “Qualified Person” on most of the Kinross Gold mines’ reporting.
  • MARK E. ISTO– Senior Vice-President, Project Development.  Coordinated work with engineering consultants for Tasiast.
  • MARK D. SEDORE—Vice-President, Technical Services.  He signed off as a “Qualified Person” on Tasiast.

For a while it seemed as though the one man who has profited most from Kinross, CEO Tye Burt, who was awarded total compensation of US$50-60-million since 2005 in the form of cash, share and option-based awards and pension value, would never leave, but he finally got canned in August after a drop in Q2 profits.

Whoever was still around in April would have had to discuss the Tasiast mine expansion project in their meeting. This is a project which had previously been considered impracticable by independent and separate expert studies. However, Ken Thomas, who joined Kinross Gold from Hatch in 2010, seemingly had his heart set on engaging the company in what later proved a costly and reckless adventure. The expansion project, which included two processing plants with a complex infrastructure, would have to be cancelled or curtailed. But Kinross had already outsourced to a host of foreign sub-contractors. If the board decided to surrender the project indefinitely, the subcontractors would not relinquish their claims without some form of compensation.

Subcontractor perks

Some subcontracted companies based in Mauritania enjoy(improperly) the same dispensations and benefits as Kinross-Tasiast. This situation has come about either by contrivance, or through the ignorance of the Mauritanian authorities which carved out the Tasiast deal. The primary subcontractor was Hatch, a Canadian consulting firm whose mission was the study and monitoring of the expansion project.

The key expansion project subcontractor is Consolidated Contractors Company [CCC], an Arabian construction company, owned by a Palestinian from Lebanon, and based in Greece. CCC was in charge of Civil Engineering works to build the expansion project plant at a cost of US$1 billion.

The project being mothballed, CCC has been thrown some million-dollar bones to chew on while waiting for the return of better times, but they are all projects which were originally slated to be awarded to Mauritanian companies. CCC now supports construction of the airport at Tasiast; an asphalt road linking the site to the road between Nouakchott and Nouadhibou – and related works; and a pipeline project to supply fresh water. To do this, it employs 110 expatriates and not a single Mauritanian.

In those situations where local people are employed, the recruitment practices reflect the grace-and-favour cronyism that is endemic in Mauritanian society. “Kinross employs about 300 Mauritanian workers, strictly for manual labour, and 5 in 6 of them almost exclusively have the same tribal affiliation,”  says one worker.

Second in line is DORCE, a Turkish company based in Ankara, tasked with construction of a workforce camp of about 7,000 rooms, for a total of US$100 million. It employs 500 expatriates and 600 locals, but 80% of the Mauritanians are small traders.

Next is the turn of Friedlander (ORTEC Group), a French company specializing in plumbing, whose mission is limited to the construction of a pipeline feeding the plant with seawater to clean extracted ore. It employs 50 expatriates, as well as a workforce of labourers, of which 70% are from sub-Saharan Africa.

Fourth most important is CIS, an international catering company with headquarters in France, operating in Mauritania as NAC, and responsible for a catering contract worth US$11 million. CIS, or NAC, employs 30 expatriates and more than 400 Mauritanian staff. The indigenous employees are hired without permanent employment contracts, working 12 hours a day for a measly 70,000 Ouguiyas (about US$230) at the end of the month, and no entitlement to overtime. No wonder the company has no operations in France other than an office: the EU labour laws forbid such treatment.

According to one worker, “There are of course other, less visible foreign companies operating behind the scenes, seemingly unknown to the Mauritanian tax man, but appearing on the list of companies associated with Kinross-Tasiast.”

“The ‘Mauritanisation’ of workers obviously does not apply to these companies,” one worker voices. “Here, they conspire with the authorities, with the compliance of the labour inspector, to keep almost everything in the dark,” concludes a team leader. “Cheating is endemic here,” reveals a Mauritanian civil rights activist. “For example, salaries of expatriate workers of these various companies are kept under wraps. Expats working in that area of Kinross-Tasiast which they call “operations” are managed from the regional office in Las Palmas.”

Another indignant  Mauritanian engineer adds, “Kinross-Tasiast is just a big scam.”

“Regardless of the level of commitment from the government in wanting to impose real transparency on these vested interests,” adds a technician, “it will never happen.”

News from Iran – Week 39 – 2012

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Prisoners’ News

A-Transfers

  • Kurdish political prisoner Shahram Elyasi, servinglife imprisonment, transferred from Evin prison to Rajai Shahr prison

B- Arrests/Incarcerations

  • Nursing mothers Zahra Nik-Aein and Taraneh Torabi sent to prison to serve their sentences along with their infants
  • Mehdi Rafsanjani arrested after being summoned to court on return from spending 2 years in the UK
  • Journalist & former Gorgan city council member, Abdolnaser Mahimani, arrested in Tehran while visiting his son
  • Adeleh Cheraghi arrested September 24. Her husband labor activist Alireza Askari recently released on bail
  • Ahmadinejad’s media advisor Aliakbar Javanfekr arrested & sent to Evin to start serving 6 months sentence
  • Mazandaran Uni student blogger Mani Tavakoli arrested on his way back home from Tehran. Whereabouts unknown
  • Activist Shokrollah Nazeri arrested after a search of his home. Whereabouts unknown
  • Prominent lawyer and member of the Defenders of Human Rights Centre, Mohammad-Ali Dadkhah, began his 9-year prison sentence in Evin
  • Hasan Maadikhah taken to Evin to serve his 2.5 year sentence

C-Liberations

  • Green activist Mohamad Rahbari was released on Sept 11 after completing 6 months
  • Esmaeil Salmanpour, a Sarand earthquake relief worker was re-arrested and re-released
  • Hamid-Reza Moseibian, Behrooz Alavi, Hooman Taheri, and Vahed Kholousi – detained earthquake relief volunteers – released on bail
  • Rajabali Dashab (Babak) released after serving 3 year sentence
  • Activist Ali Samadpour released on bail after 83 days in detention

D-Other News

  • Azari activist Hamidreza Ranjbar sentenced to 3 yrs+74 lashes by court in Tabriz
  • Azari activist Mohamad Ahadi summoned by Court in Khoi for second time in 3 months
  • Labour activist Farhad Ebrahimi summoned to appear in court in Sanandaj
  • Sepehrdad Saheban summoned to Branch 23 of Tehran Revolutionary Court
  • Deteriorating health condition of political prisoner Fayzollah Arabsorkhi. Medical treatment not provided
  • Death row prisoner Zaniar Moradi denied medical treatment
  • Mohammad Rigi convicted of drug trafficking was hanged in Evin
  • 8 inmates executed en-masse in Ghezelhesar prison
  • 5 people sentenced for their Facebook activities
  • Mahvash Sabet Shahriari, one of the Baha’i leaders, suffering from osteoporosis but denied hip replacement surgery
  • Mehdi Hashemi Rafsanjani

    Foad Khanjani in urgent need to be hospitalised for back problems

  • Detainee Mohamad Eskandarian in need of medical attention for damaged ear after torture during 4 months of detention without charge
  • In all, 11 prisoners in Rajaei Shahr prison are being denied urgent medical treatment
  • At least 7 prominent activist arrested in West Azerbaijan, Iran ; charges, status, and whereabouts unknown
  • At least 15 people executed in the last two days in Tehran and Karaj

News of injustice in Iran

  • Iran among the top six worst performers in Freedom House’s Net Freedom Report
  • 17 Sunni teachers banned from teaching in Kurdistan province
  • Shargh Daily, reformist paper,banned again. Managing Editor and cartoonist Hadi Heidari summoned by judiciary over a cartoon deemed insulting to army

University – Culture

  • Severe floods in Rasht
  • IMF: Iran is experiencing a brain drain at the rate of 180,000 individuals per year
  • Iran cleric declares that temporary marriage is the only option for widowed women
  • New iPhone 5 selling for equivalent of US$1,320 in Tehran bazaar

Protests

  • Iranian activists from US, Canada and Europe went to New York to protest Ahmadinejad’s speech. A group attacked and assaulted the IRI foreign ministry spokesperson Ramin Mehmanparast
  • 10,000 more workers signed a petition against living conditions

Iran Economy

  • Toman-US Dollar rates hit 2720; Gold coins reach new record high 1,400,000 Toman
  • Luxury car imports up 30%

Iran abroad

  • Turkish trade deficit falls on gold sales to Iran
  • Ahmadinejad made his final visit as President to the United Nations General Assembly in New York
  • France, Germany, Britain want more sanctions on Iran
  • Argentina and Iran to discuss 1990s bombings – after Argentina threatened to close its embassy in Tehran
  • Iran looking to build relations with Afghanistan and India through Chahbahar port
  • Swiss-based Vitol trades Iranian fuel oil, skirting sanctions
  • Head of the European Union demanded the release of Mousavi, Rahnavard and Karoubi & wants a meeting with them
  • India’s imports from Iran fell 5% between July and August

Politics in Iran

  • Iran made additional claims about what it calls “foreign sabotage”
  • Iranian Minister of Culture threatens to boycott the 2013 Oscars in the wake of the anti-Islam film

Miscellaneous

  • Iran readies domestic Internet, reportedly blocks Google, Gmail, etc
  • (again) and then had to provide regime personnel with circumvention tools so that they can maintain access. The Minister of Communications denied these reports.

News from Iran – Week 38 – 2012

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Prisoners’ News

A-Transfers 
  • After 70 days in temporary detention at Intelligence detention center Masoud Hosseinzadeh has been transferred to Tabriz prison.
  • Incarcerated journalist Isa Saharkhiz was admitted to hospital.

 

B- Arrests/Incarcerations

 

  • Mohammad Abdolahian arrested for giving aid to Ahar earthquake victims and publicizing info about their condition.
  • Tehran Azad University student Saeed Aghapour was arrested in raid of his home, computer, books etc confiscated
  • Sonia Ahmadi, Baha’i, arrested in Mashhad to serve her sentence.
  • Shiraz University of Technology student activist Amir Garshasbi begins serving his 3 years sentence in Evin 350.
  • Student activist brothers Arash and Siavash Mohammadi arrested in court, where they had gone to follow up on their case, and transferred to Tabriz prison to start serving 3-month sentences.
  • Habib Mousavi Bibalanei, poet, arrested in Gorgan.
  • Nora Nabilzadeh, Baha’i, arrested in Mashhad to serve her sentence.
  • National-Religious Activist, journalist, Alireza Rajaei returned to Evin Prison.
  • Top Student, Soroush Sabet, Bronze winner at Math Olympiad, [ 2 years imprisonment] moved to Evin Prison.
  • Nima Safar Saflaei, poet, arrested in Gorgan.
  • While on medical furlough Mohammad Ali Velayati was summoned back to Evin prison.

 

C-Liberations

 

  • Alireza Asgari, workers’ rights activist, released.
  • Earthquake volunteer Mohammad-Amin Salehi has been released in Tabriz.

 

D-Other News

 

  • Student Peace Prize goes to imprisoned Iranian student Majid Tavakoli.
  • 7,000 prisoners from Karaj prison transferred to new built Tehran prison.


News of injustice in Iran

  • Kurdish political prisoner Mansour Arvand, sentenced to death.
  • Court of Appeal has upheld 5-year sentence and exile to Zabol against Human Rights activist Koohyar Goodarzi.
  • Tehran University post-graduate Economics major Kurdish student Diakou Khayat has been sentenced to 5 years.
  • Political activist Saman Nasim sentenced to death for the membership of groups opposed to regime.
  • Former Tehran mayor Mohammad Tavasoli refused to present defense in Court calling it illegal.
  • Kahrizak case judge Haydarifard, arrested on charges of drugs and gun possession, has been released.
  • 5 people executed in Tehran on Monday.
  • 3 people hanged in Shahrood on Thursday.


University – Culture

  • Mohammad Reza Lotfi concert tour license canceled in Babolsar.
  • Released political prisoner, Roozbeh Hossein Tehrani, not allowed to continue his master’s degree studies.
  • Mohammad Yazdani Beigi not allowed to pursue his studies.
  • The Facebook page of a leading Iranian cartoonist, Mana Nayestani, was hacked on September 11, by the Soldiers of Islam, a pro-regime hacker group.
  • Ghazvin branch of Cheshme bookstore closed by Intelligence Ministry.


Protests

  • 100 workers of sugar factory in Ahvaz protested in front of Office building of Industry Mine and Trade of Khouzestan.
  • Telecom workers of Western Azerbaijan Hamadan and Kurdistan provinces gathered in front of parliament.
  • Environmental protest against [ NICICo] copper mining operations.
  • Pre-school teachers rally in front of the Parliament.


Iran Economics

  • $1 = 2700 tomans.
  • Iran Central Bank will no longer provide subsidized foreign currency for purchases of medical equipment and pharmaceuticals.
  • More than 300 workers of various automotive parts manufacturers were laid off in the last month.
  • Central Bank to announce a daily exchange rate: Iranian Economy Minister.
  • Iran has bought three Airbus-320 planes.

Iran  abroad

  • Iran’s Revolutionary Guards commander says its troops are in Syria.
  • In surprise move, Italy to represent Canada in Iran.
  • Iran’s foreign minister in Damascus for talks.
  • Hardliners protest outside French embassy in Tehran over cartoons.
  • A tombstone was presented as evidence of the intervention of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard in Syria.
  • Ali Akbar Salehi met with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in Damascus.
  • FM met with Omani Commerce Minister.


Politics in Iran

  • Iran removed image of opposition leader Mousavi from official Pictures of all the Rajai’s Cabinet Ministers in the textbook.
  • Pour-Mohammadi, a key player in Iran’s 1988 genocide of political prisoners, says he will run for president in next year.


Miscellaneous

  • Seven houses destroyed by security forces in Shiraz.

Des nouvelles d’Iran – Semaine 38-2012

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Nouvelles des Prisonniers

A-   Transferts

Ø  Après 70 jours de detention provisoire au centre de détention du renseignement, Massoud Hosseinzadeh a été transféré à la prison de Tabriz.

Ø  Le journaliste emprisonné Issa Saharkhiz a été admis à l’hôpital.

 

B- Arrestations/Incarcérations

Ø  Mohammad Abdolahian arrêté pour avoir aidé les victimes du tremblement de terre d’Ahar et avoir publié des informations sur leur situation.

Ø  L’étudiant de l’université Azad Saïd Aghapour a été arrêté à son domicile, son ordinateur, ses livres, etc ont été confisqués

Ø  Sonia Ahmadi, bahaïe, arrêtée à Mashhad pour purger sa peine.

Ø  Habib Moussavi Bibalanei, poète, arrêté à Gorgan.

Ø  Le militant étudiant de l’université technologique de Shiraz Amir Garshasbi commence à purger sa peine de 3 ans au bloc 350 d’Evine.

Ø  Les frères étudiants militants Arash et Siavash Mohammadi arrêtés au tribunal où ils s’étaient rendus pour suivre leurs dossiers et transférés à la prison de Tabriz pour purger leur peine de 3 mois.

Ø  Nourah Nabilzadeh, bahaïe, arrêtée à Mashhad pour purger sa peine.

Ø  Le militant National-Religieux et journaliste, Alireza Radjaï de retour à la prison d’Evine.

Ø  L’étudiant surdoué, Soroush Sabet, médaille de Bronze winner aux olympiades de Maths, condamné 2 ans de prison, à la prison d’Evine.

Ø  Nima Safar Saflaei, poète, arrêté à Gorgan.

Ø  Alors qu’il était en liberté provisoire pour raisons médicales Mohammad Ali Velayati est rappelé à la prison d’Evine.

 

C-Libérations

Ø  Alireza Asgari, syndicaliste, libéré.

Ø  Le volontaire qui aidait les victimes du tremblement de terre Mohammad-Amin Salehi a été relâché à Tabriz.

 

D-Autres Nouvelles

Ø  Le prix de l’étudiant pour la paix est attribué à l’étudiant iranien emprisonné Madjid Tavakoli.

Ø  7.000 prisonniers de Karadj transférés à la nouvelle prison de Téhéran.

 

Nouvelles de l’injustice en Iran

Ø  Le prisonnier politique kurde Mansour Arvand, condamné à mort pour adhésion à un parti politique opposé au régime.

Ø  La cour d’appel confirme les 5-ans de prison et l’exil à Zabol du militant des droits humains Kouhyar Goudarzi.

Ø  Le diplômé kurde en économie de l’université de Téhéran Diakou Khayat a été condamné à 5 ans.

Ø  Le militant politique Saman Nassim a été condamné à mort pour adhésion à un parti politique opposé au régime.

Ø  L’ancien maire de Téhéran Mohammad Tavassoli refuse de présenter sa défense au tribunal le traitant d’illégal.

Ø  Le juge du dossier Kahrizak arrêté pour possession de drogue et d’armes à feu a été libéré.

Ø  5 exécutions à Téhéran lundi.

Ø  3 pendaisons à Shahroud jeudi.

 

L’université – la Culture

Ø  Le concert de Mohammad Reza Lotfi à Babolsar arrêté.

Ø  Le prisonnier politique récemment libéré, Roozbeh Hossein Tehrani, interdit de poursuivre ses études.

Ø  Mohammad Yazdani Beigi interdit de poursuivre ses études.

Ø  La page Facebook de la grande caricaturiste iranienne, Mana Nayestani, piratée le 11 septembre par les soldats de l’islam, un groupe proche du régime.

Ø  La succursale de Ghazvine de la librairie Tcheshmeh fermée par le ministère du renseignement.

 

Manifestations

Ø  100 ouvriers de l’usine de sucre d’Ahvaz ont manifesté devant le bureau de l’industrie, des mines et du commerce du Khouzestan.

Ø  Les ouvriers des télécoms d’Azerbaïdjan occidental, de Hamadan et du Kurdistan ont manifesté devant le parlement.

Ø  Manifestation écologiste contre les opérations dans les mines de cuivre de NICICo.

Ø  Les enseignants de maternelle se rassemblent devant le parlement.

 

L’economie de l’Iran

Ø  $1 = 2700 tomans.

Ø  La banque centrale ne subventionnera plus l’achat de matériel médical et de médicaments.

Ø  Plus de 300 ouvriers de divers sous-traitants automobiles ont été licenciés le mois dernier.

Ø  La banque centrale annoncera un taux de change quotidien dit le ministre iranien de l’économie.

Ø  L’Iran achète 3 Airbus A320.

 

L’Iran à l’étranger

Ø  Le commandant des gardes révolutionnaires admet que ses troupes sont présentes en Syrie.

Ø  Inattendu, l’Italie représentera le Canada en Iran.

Ø  Le ministre des affaires étrangères se rend à Damas pour des discussions.

Ø  Des fondamentalistes manifestent devant l’ambassade de France à Téhéran pour protester contre les caricatures.

Ø  Une pierre tombale révèle l’intervention des gardes révolutionnaires iraniens en Syrie.

Ø  Ali Akbar Salehi rencontre le président syrien Bashar al-Assad à Damas.

Ø  Le ministre des affaires étrangères rencontre le ministre du commerce d’Oman.

 

La politique en Iran

Ø  L’Iran a fait retirer la photo du chef de l’opposition Moussavi de toutes les photos officielles du cabinet de Radjaï dans les manuels scolaires.

Ø  Pour-Mohammadi, l’un des principaux responsable du génocide des prisonniers politiques de 1988 en Iran, sera candidat à la présidence de la république l’année prochaine.

 

Nouvelles en vrac

Ø  Sept maisons détruites par les forces de sécurité à Shiraz.